The NXP i.MX8M Mini CPU has one PCI Express (PCIe) hardware module that can either be configured to act as a root complex or a PCI Express endpoint. PCI Express is a third-generation I/O interconnect targeting low-cost, high-volume, multi-platform interconnection.

PCIe includes the following cores:

  • PCIe dual mode (DM) core

  • PCIe root complex (RC) core

  • PCIe endpoint (EP) core

The BSP configures the PCIe port to act as Root Complex (RC).

On the ConnectCore 8M Mini system-on-module:

  • The PCIe bus is available on the LGA pads.

On the ConnectCore 8M Mini Development Kit:

  • The PCIe port is available in the PCIe mini card connector J19.

Kernel configuration

You can manage the PCIe driver support through the kernel configuration option:

  • Freescale i.MX6 PCIe controller (CONFIG_PCI_IMX6)

This option is enabled as built-in on the default ConnectCore 8M Mini kernel configuration file.

Kernel driver

The PCIe bus driver for the ConnectCore 8M Mini system-on-module is located at drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pci-imx6.c.

Device tree bindings and customization

The i.MX8M Mini PCIe interface device tree binding is documented at Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/fsl,imx6q-pcie.txt.

Example: PCIe (Mini card) on the ConnectCore 8M Mini Development Kit

Definition of the PCIe bus

i.MX8M Mini device tree
pcie0: pcie@33800000 {
	compatible = "fsl,imx8mm-pcie", "snps,dw-pcie";
	reg = <0x33800000 0x400000>,
	      <0x1ff00000 0x80000>;
	reg-names = "dbi", "config";
	#address-cells = <3>;
	#size-cells = <2>;
	device_type = "pci";
	bus-range = <0x00 0xff>;
	ranges =  <0x81000000 0 0x00000000 0x1ff80000 0 0x00010000 /* downstream I/O 64KB */
		   0x82000000 0 0x18000000 0x18000000 0 0x07f00000>; /* non-prefetchable memory */
	num-lanes = <1>;
	num-viewport = <4>;
	interrupts = <GIC_SPI 122 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>,
		     <GIC_SPI 127 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>; /* eDMA */
	interrupt-names = "msi", "dma";
	#interrupt-cells = <1>;
	interrupt-map-mask = <0 0 0 0x7>;
	interrupt-map = <0 0 0 1 &gic GIC_SPI 125 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>,
			<0 0 0 2 &gic GIC_SPI 124 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>,
			<0 0 0 3 &gic GIC_SPI 123 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>,
			<0 0 0 4 &gic GIC_SPI 122 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
	fsl,max-link-speed = <2>;
	power-domains = <&pcie_pd>;
	resets = <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_PCIEPHY>,
		 <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_PCIE_CTRL_APPS_EN>,
		 <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_PCIE_CTRL_APPS_CLK_REQ>,
		 <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_PCIE_CTRL_APPS_TURNOFF>;
	reset-names = "pciephy", "apps", "clkreq", "turnoff";
	fsl,imx7d-pcie-phy = <&pcie_phy>;
	status = "disabled";
};

PCIe port on the ConnectCore 8M Mini Development Kit

ConnectCore 8M Mini Development Kit device tree
&pcie0 {
	pinctrl-names = "default";
	pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_pcie0>;
	disable-gpio = <&gpio3 20 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
	reset-gpio = <&gpio3 23 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
	wake-gpio = <&gpio3 21 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
	clocks = <&clk IMX8MM_CLK_PCIE1_ROOT>,
		 <&clk IMX8MM_CLK_PCIE1_AUX>,
		 <&clk IMX8MM_CLK_PCIE1_PHY>,
		 <&pcie0_refclk>;
	clock-names = "pcie", "pcie_aux", "pcie_phy", "pcie_bus";
	ext_osc = <1>;
	status = "okay";
};

IOMUX configuration

The ConnectCore 8M Mini Development Kit assembles a PCIe Mini card connector. Three GPIOs of the ConnectCore 8M Mini SOM are routed to the PCIe connector:

  • GPIO3_IO20: PCIe disable line

  • GPIO3_IO21: PCIe wake line

  • GPIO3_IO23: PCIe reset line

ConnectCore 8M Mini Development Kit device tree
/* PCIE (Mini Card) */
pinctrl_pcie0: pcie0grp {
	fsl,pins = <
		/* Disable GPIO */
		MX8MM_IOMUXC_SAI5_RXC_GPIO3_IO20	0x41
		/* Reset GPIO */
		MX8MM_IOMUXC_SAI5_RXD2_GPIO3_IO23	0x41
		/* Wake GPIO */
		MX8MM_IOMUXC_SAI5_RXD0_GPIO3_IO21	0x41
	>;
};