The NXP i.MX8QXP CPU has eight GPIO ports. Each port can generate and control 32 signals.

The MCA also features a number of GPIO pins (multiplexed with Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) functionality). See MCA General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO) for additional information on MCA GPIOs.

GPIOs on the ConnectCore 8X platforms

  • On the ConnectCore 8X system-on-module:

    • Many of the i.MX8QXP GPIOs are available at the system-on-module, multiplexed with other functions (labeled GPIOx_IOy where x is the port and y is the GPIO pin). See Hardware reference manuals for information about GPIO pins and their multiplexed functionality.

    • 19 MCA GPIO pins are available (labeled MCA_IOx where x is the GPIO pin).

  • On the ConnectCore 8X SBC Pro, the expansion connector allows direct access to several i.MX8QXP GPIOs and MCA GPIOs.

GPIOs on the SOM and carrier board are used for many purposes, such as:

  • Power enable line for transceivers

  • Reset line for controllers

  • LCD backlight control

  • Interrupt line

  • User LED

  • User button

Kernel configuration

You can manage the user space interface with GPIOs through the kernel configuration options:

  • /sys/class/gpio/…​ (sysfs interface) (CONFIG_GPIO_SYSFS)

This option is enabled as built-in on the default ConnectCore 8X kernel configuration file.

Support for i.MX8QXP GPIOs is automatically provided through the non-visible option CONFIG_GPIO_MXC.

Kernel driver

The driver for the i.MX8QXP GPIO is located at:

File Description

drivers/gpio/gpio-mxc.c

i.MX8QXP GPIO driver

Device tree bindings and customization

The i.MX8QXP GPIO device tree binding is documented at Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/fsl-imx-gpio.txt.

One GPIO controller is defined for each i.MX8QXP GPIO port in the common i.MX8QXP device tree file:

i.MX8QXP device tree
	gpio0: gpio@5d080000 {
		compatible = "fsl,imx8qm-gpio", "fsl,imx35-gpio";
		reg = <0x0 0x5d080000 0x0 0x10000>;
		interrupts = <GIC_SPI 136 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
		gpio-controller;
		#gpio-cells = <2>;
		power-domains = <&pd_lsio_gpio0>;
		interrupt-controller;
		#interrupt-cells = <2>;
	};
 
[...]
 
	gpio7: gpio@5d0f0000 {
		compatible = "fsl,imx8qm-gpio", "fsl,imx35-gpio";
		reg = <0x0 0x5d0f0000 0x0 0x10000>;
		interrupts = <GIC_SPI 143 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
		gpio-controller;
		#gpio-cells = <2>;
		power-domains = <&pd_lsio_gpio7>;
		interrupt-controller;
		#interrupt-cells = <2>;
	};

The ConnectCore 8X device tree include file and the carrier board device tree files use the i.MX8QXP GPIOs.

For example, on the ConnectCore 8X, GPIO3_IO09 is used to activate internal circuitry during the MCA firmware update:

ConnectCore 8X device tree
	mca_cc8x: mca@63 {
		compatible = "digi,mca_cc8x";
		reg = <0x63>;
		interrupt-parent = <&wu>;
		interrupts = <GIC_SPI 177 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
		interrupt-controller;
		#interrupt-cells = <2>;
		fw-update-gpio = <&gpio3 9 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
		pinctrl-names = "default";
		pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_mca_cc8x>;
 
		[...]
};

For example, on the ConnectCore 8X SBC Pro, GPIO3_IO18 is used to reset the PHY of ENET1 Ethernet interface:

ConnectCore 8X SBC Pro device tree
&fec1 {
	pinctrl-names = "default";
	pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_fec_mdio>,
		    <&pinctrl_fec_gpio>,
		    <&pinctrl_fec1_gpio>,
		    <&pinctrl_fec1>;
	clocks = <&clk IMX8QXP_ENET0_IPG_CLK>,
		 <&clk IMX8QXP_ENET0_AHB_CLK>,
		 <&clk IMX8QXP_ENET0_REF_50MHZ_CLK>,
		 <&clk IMX8QXP_ENET0_PTP_CLK>,
		 <&clk IMX8QXP_ENET0_TX_CLK>;
	phy-mode = "rgmii-id";
	phy-handle = <&ethphy1>;
	phy-supply = <&reg_3v3_eth0>;
	phy-reset-gpios = <&gpio3 18 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
	phy-reset-duration = <1>;
	fsl,magic-packet;
 
	[...]
};

IOMUX configuration

You must configure the pads that are to be used as i.MX8QXP GPIOs. See Pin multiplexing (IOMUX).

For GPIOs that are managed by other drivers, you must configure their pad IOMUX inside the driver node specific pinctrl-0 to work according to the specified interface functionalities.

On the ConnectCore 8X example from above, mca_cc8x node configures pinctrl_mca_cc8x:

ConnectCore 8X device tree
pinctrl_mca_cc8x: mcagrp {
	fsl,pins = <
		[...]

		/* MCA_FW_UPDATE */
		SC_P_QSPI0A_DATA0_LSIO_GPIO3_IO09	0x06000021
	>;
};

For GPIOs that are not associated with any interface or that can’t be handled by a driver, see Configure independent pin IOMUX and pad control. The following external pads are configured as GPIOs on the default device tree:

  • On the ConnectCore 8X SBC Pro expansion connector:

    Pad Signal GPIO

    A7

    GPIO4_21

    GPIO4_IO21

    B7

    GPIO4_20

    GPIO4_IO20

    C4

    SPI0_IRQ_N

    GPIO1_IO01

    C7

    EXP_I2C_IRQ_N

    GPIO3_IO15

    C8

    EXP_I2C_GPIO

    GPIO3_IO14

    C13

    ADC_IN4

    GPIO1_IO14

    C14

    ADC_IN5

    GPIO1_IO13

    C15

    GPIO4_19

    GPIO4_IO19

    C18

    GPIO0_12

    GPIO0_IO12

    D11

    M40_UART_TX

    GPIO1_IO11

    D12

    M40_UART_RX

    GPIO1_IO12

    D14

    ADC_IN1

    GPIO1_IO09

    D19

    GPIO5_09

    GPIO5_IO09

Using the GPIOs

You can access the GPIOs from your Android application. See GPIO API for more information about the GPIO APIx.

Calculate the Linux GPIO number of a GPIO pin

For each GPIO controller entry on the device tree, Linux creates an entry /sys/class/gpio/gpiochipN, where N is calculated as per the formula:

N = (512 - <n_gpios>) - (<n_gpios> * <port_index>)

Each entry has the following read-only attributes:

  • base: same as N, the first GPIO managed by this chip

  • label: provided for diagnostics (not always unique)

  • ngpio: the number of GPIOs this controller manages (from N to N + ngpio - 1)

GPIOs on the ConnectCore 8X system-on-module

Every GPIO port of the i.MX8QXP CPU is a different GPIO controller and thus has its own /sys/class/gpio/gpiochipN entry on the sysfs.

On the default ConnectCore 8X system-on-module device tree, the i.MX8QXP CPU’s GPIO ports are probed first. Considering each one has 32 GPIOs, the formula results:

N = 480 - (32 * <port_index>)
  • GPIO0: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip480

  • GPIO1: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip448

  • GPIO2: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip416

  • GPIO3: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip384

  • GPIO4: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip352

  • GPIO5: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip320

  • GPIO6: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip288

  • GPIO7: /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip256

Calculate the Linux GPIO number for a certain GPIO pin by adding the GPIO pin index to the port base index. For instance:

i.MX8QXP GPIO2_IO4 (port 2, pin 4) is: 416 + 4 = 420.

The following formula applies to i.MX8QXP CPU GPIOs (without requiring the user to know the GPIO base of each port):

\$"LinuxGPIO_num" = 480 - (32 * "<port_index>") + "<gpio_pin>"\$

For instance, i.MX8QXP GPIO2_IO4 (port 2, pin 4) is:

\$480 - (32 * color(red)(2)) + color(red)(4) = 420\$

Sample application

The GPIO Sample Application demonstrates the usage of the GPIO API. In this example, one GPIO is configured as input and another as output. You can press the virtual button to switch on and off the User 0 LED corresponding to the output GPIO.

Go to GitHub to see the application instructions and source code.

See MCA General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO) for additional information on MCA GPIOs.